We are often asked how many people live in Mexico and what are the people like? Officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), the country is divided into 31 states and Mexico City (CDMX). Mexico’s population of nearly 125 million makes it the eleventh most populous country in the world.
Mexico also is the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world. Nearly 93 percent of the population speaks Spanish. Mayan, Nahuatil and other indigenous languages also are spoken in Mexico.
About 60 percent of Mexicans are of Indian-Spanish (Mestizo) descent, another 30 percent are Indian and 9 percent are Caucasian. Just over 80 percent of the Mexican people belong to the Catholic Church, down from over 90 percent in the 1990s. That number still makes Mexico the second largest Catholic country in the world, behind Brazil.
For more information on the people of Mexico and their government, visit People in our Mexico profile.